Main Promo Images
Yacht Charter Banner.jpg
Los Roques Paradise.jpg
From the Mountain.jpg
Los Roques from the back.jpg
Los Roques Evening.jpg
A Day Tour to the nearest Island
Ranchito Power Lodge.jpg
Los Roques Posada Gremary.jpg
Flight to Los Roques.jpg
Los Roques from the lighthouse.jpg
Tour to the islands.jpg
Cultural and natural values of Los Roques Continued...
The complexity and fragility of the reefs is compared to that of the tropical rain forests and although these ecosystems are in a receding in all the coasts of the Caribbean, the reefs of the archipelago are a good example of communities in a very good state of preservation.
Mangrove swamps are adapted forests to saline soil. They are formed by a group of adapted species to different soil conditions, from areas always flooded to others influenced by the tides and the contribution of land fresh water. Among the most attractive adaptations are the reproduction from germinated seeds and the presence of air roots.
The swamps act as protection of the coast against erosion and they are refuge areas as well as feeding for the larva and juvenile phases of numerous species. Traditionally man exploited these communities for the obtaining of wood, vegetable coal, bark tannins for dyeing of leather and more recently for the construction of shrimp farms. In Los Roques archipelago it can be observed very well preserved examples of these types of communities.
Besides the swamps, the vegetation of the archipelago is formed by other types of communities:
Xerofitica, adapted to the scarce rain fall in the area (200mm average rain fall), The Cactus Melon as a representative species and the Halofila community adapted to the sandy soils, with its golden green carpet as the most representative element.
These vegetable communities, with their different green and brown rhymes; white sandy beaches the result of coral erosion and calcareous algae; the turquoise greens of shallow waters with this intense white sandy bottom make up this wonderful landscape of the archipelago of Los Roques.
Cultural and natural values of Los Roques - The Reef
According to the Washington convention (1940) national parks are established regions for the protection and preservation of natural scenic beauty and the flora and fauna of national importance which ones placed under official surveillance can be enjoyed by the public. In addition these areas enclose exceptional representative samples of nature and landscape not totally changed by man.
In the case of Los Roques the classification plan emphasizes as its main objectives: To guarantee the existence of the coral reef, the covering of mangrove Halofic and Xerofilic communities, as well as the places and objects of historical and cultural heritage.
As far as the historical-cultural aspect is concerned those findings carried out by different archaeologist are quite outstanding. These refer to the Amerindian population who came from the Venezuelan central coast:
The Ocumareoids one thousand years ago and the Valenciaoids who came from the area around lake Valencia on the mainland of Venezuela. More recently are the remains of salt mining, Botuto conches, limestone ovens and the light house, which gives an idea of the lifestyle of early settlers who were able to colonize surroundings that were definitely much more hostile than they are today.
In the environmental aspect the richness of the coral reef must be highlighted. It has given way to the greater part of the archipelago, with the exception of the rock masses of Gran Roque. The rest of land which rises out of the water came from the development of these animal colonies in symbiosis with algae and with the capacity to believes you calcareous skeletons which over the years and as result of the changes in the it is level, gave way to islands and keys.
The archipelago has an atoll structure not very frequent in the Caribbean and common in the Pacific with external barriers formed by very developed and diverse coralline communities, an internal lagoon of shallow waters and sandy at the bottom of the sea.
These coralline communities are able to colonize transparent waters of low o nutritious content with warm and stable temperatures and to give cover to a wide variety of species of algae, sponges, mollusks, crustaceans and fish. >>